American Heritage 100 :: Fall 2006 [/\\] BYU

my student notes and resources from amh 100 at byu. i can make mistakes, so corrections are welcome.

use 'search this blog' above to search through my notes.

as an international student, i don't know much about american heritage either.

MIDTERM 2: Stuff to know

Apparently if you go to the review room the week BEFORE the exam they give you a nice sheet of paper with all the good stuff to study, for the exam. I met someone who had one of these.... lucky them. And lucky you too, if you go to the review room the week before the the next exam.

My unofficial study guide

Purpose of the constitution:
to make a stronger federal government
establish justice
secure blessings of liberty

2 important issues
-representation and slavery

virginia plan
new jersey plan

federalist 10- factions
federalist 51- checks and balances
thoughts on government-separation of powers
washington's farewell address- beware of a political party system
madison- architect of the constitution
- a well read virginian
gettysburg- 4 score and 7 years ago... dedicating ground of the battelfield as a final resting place for those who had fallen
lincoln first inaugural address-
-no state has the right to secede from the union
lincoln second inaugural address-
-both sides thought they could win easily
-let us finish the work we are in (finish the war?)

Article 1- Legislative Powers
Article 2- Executive Powers
Article 3- Judiciary Powers

Federalists vs Republicans

-John Adams
-Alexander Hamilton
-strong government
- pro-britain

-Thomas Jefferson
-James Madison
-constitution only
- pro-france

Filtered Democracy

Electoral Colleges

Majority vs Plurality

Chisolm vs Georgia
- shows the weakness in the court system
- state resists the power of the supreme court

Madison vs Marbury [know the story and consequences in detail]
- established the principle of judicial review
- judicial review, not part of constitution (but it is precedent)

3 oughts:
3 principles in the amendments that aren't concrete: (relate to the bill of rights)
-Liberty of conscience
-Freedom of expression
-The right of privacy

Bill of Rights:
Amendments 1-10

franchise amendments are amendments having to do with the right to vote

Amendment 11- states cannot be sued in federal court by a citizen of another state, without the state's consent.
(georgia vs chisholm)
Amendment 12- separates voting for president and vice president
Amendment 13- banned slavery
Amendment 14- no state shall enforce any law to curb rights of other citizens
or national laws that protect rights cannot be violated or changed by states laws
Amendment 15- former slaves get the right to vote

Amendment 17- direct election of senators

Amendment 19- women allowed to vote
Amendment 20- executive office starts in january (to shorten lame duck period)
Amendment 22- executive branch restricted to two terms only
Amendment 24- no poll tax for voting (how southern states went around 15th amendment)
Amendment 25- vice president can take over from president it president dies
Amendment 26- voting age changed to 18

Checks and Balances
-the way that the 3 branches interact with each other

--------------------[chart on page 111]--------------------
vs Exec
Overrides vetoes
Approve/deny treaties & appointments
Sets up agencies and programs

vs Judicial
Impeach and remove judges
Determines number of supreme court justices
Approves, rejects presidential judicial appointments

vs Legislature
Vetoes legislation
Suggest legislation, state of the union
Calls for special sessions
Negotiates treaties

vs Judicial
Nominates judges
Pardons for federal offenses

vs Legislature
Determines if a law is constitutional or not (Judicial Review)
Interprets laws and treaties

vs Executive
Declares acts of President constitutional or not (Judicial Review)
Interprets treaties
Reviews administrative agency cases
--------------------[end chart]--------------------


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